He will succeed Robert Leduc, who is due to retire from the company next year after a four-decade career, UTC said Tuesday.
"Chris and Bob will work closely together over the next few months to ensure a smooth transition for both our customers and employees," said UTC Chairman and CEO Greg Hayes.
Calio served as president of Pratt & Whitney's commercial engines business and has led the group's sales, customer support, program management, development and aftermarket functions over the past two years.
Prior to his current capacity, he worked as chief of staff to Hayes and held various roles of increasing responsibility within the company.
He holds a bachelor's degree in political science from Trinity College and both MBA and law degrees from University of Connecticut.